Pakistan, Zambia, and Kenya are among a growing number of countries implementing electronic immunization registries (EIRs) to improve data quality and health facility performance. But EIRs can be costly to design and introduce. This case study explores the localization and adaptation of OpenSRP’s immunization module, the benefits of iterating on open-source software, and lessons learned during use in Pakistan, Zambia, and Kenya.
Between 2013 and 2018, BID designed, developed, and introduced an electronic immunization registry in three regions in Tanzania and one province in Zambia. The Initiative’s financial records were used to account for the financial costs of designing and developing the EIRs, BID staff time, expenditures for rolling out the EIR systems and the related suite of interventions to health facilities, and recurrent costs. Total financial costs, cost per facility and cost per child were calculated in 2018 US$. By documenting the costs associated with introducing an EIR, BID hopes to help other countries introduce more affordable platforms for their own health landscapes. Read the full article in BMJ Global Health.
The BID Initiative took a holistic approach to address immunization data challenges by packaging together information system products, data management policies, and evidence-based practices with people who are empowered to improve decision-making. This document captures the various lessons learned throughout BID, from the design and testing phase through implementation, noting if the lesson was learned in the Tanzania or Zambia implementation (or both). Read the full BID Initiative Lessons Learned Encyclopedia.
The Product Vision for the Better Immunization Data (BID) Initiative combines a "top down" approach with a "bottom up" view. We begin with the national strategies, incorporating the current context of the users (e.g., the functional architecture) before considering the facility applications (e.g., the technical architecture) that are in use and have gained traction, and how they might tie together. Through a series of seven chapters, you will be led through the steps to organize how your processes and information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure can be integrated and standardized to meet a ministry of health's vision and requirements. This document is not intended to be a definitive description of any single country's health enterprise architecture (EA). Rather, it is a starting point; a toolkit that may be adapted by countries, as necessary, to a specific country's needs and reflective of their unique context. Readers are not expected to be experts in ICT or in EA. However, a basic knowledge of eHealth and its role in supporting health care delivery workflows is assumed. The document is written in plain language with background information, illustrations of key points, and examples where it is thought they will be helpful.
Biometrics refers to the automatic identification of human beings based on their physical and/or behavioural characteristics (Bio = life + Metrics = measurement). These characteristics present some specific properties such as, uniqueness and persistency, making them suitable for this kind of task. Examples of physical characteristics include among others: fingerprints, face, iris, retina, and hand geometry. On the other hand, examples of behavioural characteristics include: signature, voice, keystroke dynamics, etc. The purpose of this book is to serve as an introductory source of information for people interested in Biometrics.
The most valuable information assets of an organization are often stored in databases and it is pertinent for such organizations to ensure the integrity and confidentiality of their databases. With the proliferation of ecommerce sites that are backed by database systems, databases that are available online 247 are ubiquitous. Data in these databases ranges from credit card numbers to personal medical records. Failing to protect these databases from intrusions will result in loss of customers’ confidence and might even result in lawsuits.