PATH, World Health Organization, United Nations Children's Fund, United Nations Population Fund, UNDP/UNFPA/UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction
The Digital Implementation Investment Guide (DIIG) aims to help governments and technical partners plan a digital health implementation that focuses on one or more health programs to support national health system goals. The Guide is designed to walk users of the document step-by-step through planning, costing and implementing digital health interventions within a digital health enterprise. This consists of selecting digital health interventions that are aligned with identified health needs, appropriate to a specific country context and integrated with existing technologies and the broader digital architecture. Users of the Guide will learn from diverse experiences deploying digital health technologies over the past decade and will be guided through a systematic approach to designing, costing and implementing meaningful digital health interventions that are part of a digital health enterprise. The DIIG was developed by PATH, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund, and the United Nations Population Fund, among other partners.
The Data Use Partnership (DUP) is a Tanzania government–led initiative that is improving the national health care system through better use of health information. Under the DUP initiative, the government is working with PATH to strengthen digital health and build local capacity so that everyone—from government officials to health workers to patients—can have better access to health information and make more informed decisions, leading to a healthier Tanzania. This overview provides a summary of the different ways DUP is working to strengthen Tanzania's health system.
The Zambia Electronic Immunization Registry (ZEIR), powered by the Open Smart Register Platform (OpenSRP), is an open source Android application geared towards frontline health workers with offline functionality and is interoperable with other open source global goods such as District Health Information Software (DHIS2). ZEIR is standard based and has been built to ensure timely, complete and accurate immunization data that enables the tracking of children and their vaccination records. This user manual provides instructions on how to use the ZEIR app during daily work at the health facility.
The BID Initiative took a holistic approach to address immunization data challenges by packaging together information system products, data management policies, and evidence-based practices with people who are empowered to improve decision-making. This document captures the various lessons learned throughout BID, from the design and testing phase through implementation, noting if the lesson was learned in the Tanzania or Zambia implementation (or both). Read the full BID Initiative Lessons Learned Encyclopedia.
More than 150 leading global health and development thinkers convened on June 15, 2016, for The Innovation Effect: Powering Disruptive Global Health Solutions in Washington, DC. This conference report provides an overview of the insights shared when attendees explored what happens when unique partnerships, disruptive technologies, transformed systems, and data-driven insights combine in often unexpected ways to create dramatic improvements in the health and well-being of people around the world.
The Health Resources and Services Administration and All Kids Count (a national technical assistance center fostering development of integrated child health information systems) have been working together to foster development of integrated child health information systems.
Activities have included: identification of key elements for successful integration of systems; development of principles and core functions for the systems; a survey of state and local integration efforts; and a conference to develop a common vision for child health information systems to meet medical care and public health needs.
We provide 1 state (Utah) as an example that is well on the way to development of integrated child health information systems.
Health care experts, policymakers, payers, and consumers consider health information technologies, such as electronic health records and computerized provider order entry, to be critical to transforming the health care industry (1–7). Information management is fundamental to health care delivery (8). Given the fragmented nature of health care, the large volume of transactions in the system, the need to integrate new scientific evidence into practice, and other complex information management activities, the limitations of paper-based information management are intuitively apparent. While the benefits of health information technology are clear in theory, adapting new information systems to health care has proven difficult and rates of use have been limited (9–11). Most information technology applications have centered on administrative and financial transactions rather than on delivering clinical care (12).
Project Fives Alive! aims through the application of quality improvement (QI) methods to assist and accelerate Ghana’s efforts to achieve the Fourth Millennium Development Goal of reducing under— 5 mortality by 67% from its 1990 baseline of 110-120 deaths per 1000 live births to less than 40 deaths per 1000 live births by 2015. Operational since July 2008, PFA! has worked with frontline health workers to develop, test and implement successful change ideas that have proved useful in overcoming system barriers accounting for preventable deaths in children less than five in Ghana. Starting from three districts in the Northern sector of Ghana, the project is now scaled up in all 38 districts in Upper East, Upper West and Northern regions of Ghana and in 32 hospitals of the National Catholic Health Service scattered all across the country in various districts. Effectively tested and implemented ideas within districts, sub-districts and the hospitals to improve processes in the continuum of care have been documented into two “Change packages” - one for successful changes in antenatal, skilled delivery and post-natal care and the other in hospital-based care.
Poverty has deepened the crisis in health-care delivery in developing countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, which is a region facing a disease burden that is unmatched in the world. Whether access to proven and powerful information and communication technologies (ICTs) can improve health indicators is an ongoing debate. However, this brief review shows that in the last decade there has been significant growth in Internet access in urban areas; health-care workers now use it for communication, access to relevant health-care information, and international collaboration. The central message learned during this period about the application of ICTs is that infrastructural and cultural contexts vary and require different models and approaches. Thus, to harness the full potential of ICTs to the benefit of health systems, health workers, and patients will demand an intricate mix of old and new technologies.
The aim of this guide is to help health workers to use their own data to identify problems and causes of low immunization coverage, and to plan solutions to increase immunization coverage. These guidelines can be modified to suit the local context and needs, and can be used at various levels of the health system in any country.