The Expanded Programme on Immunization was initiated in Nigeria in 1979 as the main strategy aimed at controlling childhood killer diseases, through provision of vaccines and immunization. The overall goal of the programme is to improve immunization coverage on a sustainable basis and reduce disease burden in all communities in Nigeria, while using immunization as platform to strengthen the overall primary health care delivery system.
Burkina Faso reports that by 2008 it will be providing online access to national journals in biomedicine and social sciences for the medical and research communities. Highlighted is a project (currently under way) to produce multimedia content in national languages. The government’s initiative to develop a web site for each institution and ministry has been most effective.
Cameroon reports that policies and strategies to support the information society will be introduced by 2008. The country started providing ongoing public funding for information and communication technologies (ICT) support to programmes addressing national health priorities in 2005 and rates it as slightly e! ective. Most likely this action will be reviewed and continued within the next two years.
This Comprehensive Multi Year Plan 2006 - 2010 will guide the immunization activities in Kenya. It highlights the national goals, objectives, and strategies derived from the EPI situational analysis. The analysis has been done through comprehensive review of DVI’s Annual operational reports, immunization coverage reports, programme sector’s assessment reports, programme evaluation reports, findings of surveys carried out during the plan period, and the KEPI joint review of April 2006.
Mozambique reports that a national ePolicy to promote the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) across all sectors was implemented in 2003. This initiative has been very effective, as has the implementation of procurement policies to guide software, hardware and content acquisition, introduced in 2002. Public-private partnerships to foster the use of ICT within the health sector are also considered very effective in Mozambique.
Vaccination coverage rates are the most commonly used indicators of immunization program performance. Have you ever encountered different vaccination coverage estimates for the same country? In this issue of Snap Shots, we explain where these different coverage estimates come from and how they should and should not be used. We also point you to other references that we hope will help to clear up the coverage confusion.
Kenya reports that the majority of the listed actions to promote an enabling environment for information and communication technologies (ICT) in the health sector have been taken between 2000 and 2005. These actions are rated from moderately to very effective and are predicted to continue over the next two years. The implementation of a national eHealth policy, and creation of regulations to protect the privacy and security of individual patient data where eHealth is used are likely to be introduced by 2008.
Every day, across the world, people make improvements in health as a direct benefit of information and communication technologies (ICT). eHealth innovations like electronic health records, computerassisted prescription systems and clinical databases are transforming health today, and hold even greater promise for the future. ICT support clinical care, provide health information to the general public and scientifi c information to professionals. They provide a platform for publishing, disseminating health alerts and supporting administrative functions.
The implementation of the 58th World Health Assembly resolution on e-health will pose a major challenge for the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region due to lack of information and communications technology (ICT) and mass Internet connectivity, compounded by a paucity of ICT-related knowledge and skills. The key objectives of this article are to: (i) explore the key determinants of personal computers (PCs), telephone mainline and cellular and Internet penetration/connectivity in the African Region; and (ii) to propose actions needed to create an enabling environment for e-health services growth and utilization in the Region.
An action framework developed as Africa’s common vision to bridge the digital divide More importantly to create digital opportunities by Africans and their partners Speed the continent’s entry into the information and knowledge global economy