By Emily Carnahan, Monitoring and Evaluation Lead, BID Initiative
Oct 26, 2017
What is a data use culture? Why is it important? And how can it be strengthened? These are some of the questions addressed in PATH’s newly released white paper on Defining and Building a Data Use Culture.
Over the past decade, the use of information and communication technology (ICT) to improve health outcomes has multiplied in the global health sector. One of the primary benefits of ICTs is the improved ability to collect, analyze, and use data. But to do this well and sustainably requires fostering a data use culture.
A data use culture describes the customs, dispositions, and behaviors of a particular group or organization to support and encourage the use of evidence to inform their decision-making. If decision-makers at all levels of the health system use timely, high-quality data to drive planning, performance management, and the delivery of services, we can accelerate health gains and optimize health system efficiency.
This white paper outlines how to strengthen a culture of data use through two complementary frameworks: 1) a theory of change that explains what has to happen to accelerate data use within a health system, and 2) a behavior change framework that explains why individuals and their organizations enact critical data use responsibilities (see Table 1). The white paper examines these interrelated factors through two real-life case studies of implementing the BID Initiative and the Data Use Partnership in Tanzania.
Table 1. Data use culture: What and why
Whether you’re a policymaker, health care worker, funder, or organizational leader, if you believe in the importance of data-driven decision-making, the white paper describes actionable steps you can take to build a culture of data use in your own work:
For the BID Initiative, building a data use culture means that health workers are now able to track children who haven’t completed their vaccination schedule. They know each child’s name and their caregivers’ phone numbers in case of an outbreak. They are able to quickly mobilize stock because they know what stock is in which facility, at any given time. As we continue to mobilize individuals at all levels of the health system, we expect that health workers will consistently use the data they have to make better decisions about how best to deliver services.