Vaccination coverage rates are the most commonly used indicators of immunization program performance. Have you ever encountered different vaccination coverage estimates for the same country? In this issue of Snap Shots, we explain where these different coverage estimates come from and how they should and should not be used. We also point you to other references that we hope will help to clear up the coverage confusion.
Kenya reports that the majority of the listed actions to promote an enabling environment for information and communication technologies (ICT) in the health sector have been taken between 2000 and 2005. These actions are rated from moderately to very effective and are predicted to continue over the next two years. The implementation of a national eHealth policy, and creation of regulations to protect the privacy and security of individual patient data where eHealth is used are likely to be introduced by 2008.
Every day, across the world, people make improvements in health as a direct benefit of information and communication technologies (ICT). eHealth innovations like electronic health records, computerassisted prescription systems and clinical databases are transforming health today, and hold even greater promise for the future. ICT support clinical care, provide health information to the general public and scientifi c information to professionals. They provide a platform for publishing, disseminating health alerts and supporting administrative functions.
The implementation of the 58th World Health Assembly resolution on e-health will pose a major challenge for the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region due to lack of information and communications technology (ICT) and mass Internet connectivity, compounded by a paucity of ICT-related knowledge and skills. The key objectives of this article are to: (i) explore the key determinants of personal computers (PCs), telephone mainline and cellular and Internet penetration/connectivity in the African Region; and (ii) to propose actions needed to create an enabling environment for e-health services growth and utilization in the Region.
An action framework developed as Africa’s common vision to bridge the digital divide More importantly to create digital opportunities by Africans and their partners Speed the continent’s entry into the information and knowledge global economy
Over the last decade, significant attention has been paid in both academic and professional literature to the healthcare information technology conundrum, which can easily be summarized in the following question: Why have we not seen more successful implementation of information technology in healthcare? While many theories and suggestions have been proposed, there can be no argument that none have been truly effective in explaining or helping to resolve this widespread problem. As a result, the healthcare field is becoming experienced in building not-so-effective systems.
This report summarizes responses from almost 100 diverse respondents on the importance of three communication-related barriers to higher routine immunization coverage and how governments, projects and development communication professionals are addressing these barriers. The report includes a description of Top Ten Lessons Learned and selected program tools and documents.
The Health Resources and Services Administration and All Kids Count (a national technical assistance center fostering development of integrated child health information systems) have been working together to foster development of integrated child health information systems.
Activities have included: identification of key elements for successful integration of systems; development of principles and core functions for the systems; a survey of state and local integration efforts; and a conference to develop a common vision for child health information systems to meet medical care and public health needs.
We provide 1 state (Utah) as an example that is well on the way to development of integrated child health information systems.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) solutions (e.g. e-health, telemedicine, e-education) are often viewed as vehicles to bridge the digital divide between rural and urban healthcare centres and to resolve shortcomings in the rural health sector. This study focused on factors perceived to infl uence the uptake and use of ICTs as e-health solutions in selected rural Eastern Cape healthcare centres, and on structural variables relating to these facilities and processes. Attention was also given to two psychological variables that may underlie an individual’s acceptance and use of ICTs: usefulness and ease of use. Recommendations are made with regard to how ICTs can be used more effectively to improve health systems at fi ve rural healthcare centres where questionnaire and interview data were collected: St. Lucy’s Hospital, Nessie Knight Hospital, the Tsilitwa Clinic, the Madzikane Ka-Zulu Memorial Hospital and the Nelson Mandela General Hospital.
The most valuable information assets of an organization are often stored in databases and it is pertinent for such organizations to ensure the integrity and confidentiality of their databases. With the proliferation of ecommerce sites that are backed by database systems, databases that are available online 247 are ubiquitous. Data in these databases ranges from credit card numbers to personal medical records. Failing to protect these databases from intrusions will result in loss of customers’ confidence and might even result in lawsuits.